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Painless Civilization
(2003, 2021-)


Painless Civilization 1
:A Philosophical Critique of Desire (2021)

Masahiro Morioka

- Translation of Chapter One

Open Access Book: PDF 
Amazon Kindle edition: or your country's Amazon store.


Painless Civilization 2
:Painless Stream and the Fate of Love (2023)

Masahiro Morioka

- Translation of Chapter Two and Chapter Three

Open Access Book: PDF 


Morioka's most controversial book to date. The endless tendency to eliminate pain and suffering makes us totally lose sight of the meaning of life that is indispensable to human beings. How are we to battle against this painless civilization? Published in Japanese in 2003.

The elimination of pain and the acquisition of pleasure seem to be the ultimate aims of our civilization. However, paradoxically, the endless tendency to eliminate pain and suffering makes us totally lose sight of the meaning of life that is indispensable to human beings. Signs of this can be seen in contemporary educational problems, mental illnesses people are suffering from in affluent societies, and even in recent bizarre murders.

The author analyzes such social issues as the prenatal screening of fetuses with the aim of avoiding the birth of disabled children, our efforts to control the environment of the planet Earth, and "naturalized" technology found in reconstructed ecosystems. He also thoroughly examines "conditional love" deeply rooted in our hearts, a "tamed nature" in which we hardly encounter any real danger, and life in a future in which we will rarely experience unexpected happenings that may threaten the plans. The ultimate condition arrived at is that contemporary civilization inevitably leads us to a state in which we are a "living corpse," or a form of "fossilized life," and calls the whole system that drives us to this miserable condition, a "painless civilization."  

It is our "desires of the body" that promote this kind of painless civilization. These desires lead us away from the deep "joy of life" that could visit us in unexpected ways when we transform ourselves by going through pain and suffering. The desires of the body develop into a "painless stream" and permeate our society. A painless civilization cleverly takes away the possibility of experiencing the joy of life, in exchange for pleasure, pleasantness, and comfort. As a result, it becomes fairly difficult for ordinary people to live a life without regret. Herein lies the fundamental problem of contemporary civilization. The author explores a new perspective on the theory of desire different from those of Freud, Lacan, Deleuze, Guattari, and Foucault, and at the end of his investigation of this viewpoint finally arrives at the possibility of "desires of life" that are entirely different from the "desires of the body." The author devotes all his energies to figuring out how to fight against this painless civilization, the essence of which no one has ever succeeded in putting into words even though we are unconsciously aware of it.  

This book succeeds in understanding contemporary society and human beings from various new angles. This approach is wholly original in contemporary thought and succeeds in providing insights which have so far been overlooked by sociology, politics, ethics, and environmental studies, and as a result this book represents one of the best achievements of "life studies," a new research field proposed by the author that has been the primary focus of his research for many years.

This book has been reviewed in many publications and a Korean translation was published in 2005.


Chapter 1 
What is Painless Civilization?

  1. Painless Civilization
  2. The Self-Domestication of Humanity
  3. Desire of the Body
  4. What is the "Joy of Life"?
  5. Evolution Toward a "Painless Civilization"
  6. People in a Painless Civilization
  7. Ways of Talking about Painless Civilization Theory

Chapter 2 
Condition of Love in a Painless Civilization

  1. Emergence of "Quality Control" of Life
  2. Selective Abortion and Conditional Love
  3. What is Unconditional Love?
  4. Love in a Painless Civilization 
  5. Sex and Self Injury 
  6. Two Strategies of a Painless Civilization

Chapter 3 
Painless Stream

  1. In a Huge Whirlpool
  2. Into Whom is the Knife Stuck?
  3. Painless Civilization's Various Methods of Attack
  4. The Fight between the Desires of the Body and the Desires of Life
  5. Three Dimensions of being Caught in One’s Own Trap
  6. Where is the Enemy?

Chapter 4 
Self-dismantling in the Darkness

  1. "I" as a Starting Point
  2. Dismantling Self-made Traps at the Level of Society
  3. Dismantling "Domination by Co-dependency"
  4. Identity and the Central Axis
  5. In the Case of Myself
  6. The Meaning of Encounters
  7. Love as an Endless Process
  8. Absolute Solitude

Chapter 5 
From the Desire of the Body to the Desire of Life

  1. "Desire of the Body" and "Desire of Life"
  2. Going through Pain and Suffering
  3. Erotic Encounters
  4. Against the Expansion of Territory
  5. Chain of Predation
  6. Prenatal Screening as an Example
  7. Body, Life, and Intellect
  8. Dismantling the Whole Civilization

Chapter 6 
The Trap of Naturalized Technology

  1. Double-controlled Structures
  2. Landscape Immersion
  3. Invasion of the "Sacred Place"
  4. Exposing the Hidden Side of Nature
  5. The Meaning of Nature in a Painless Civilization
  6. A Strategy for Collapsing

Chapter 7 
The Death of Myself and a Painless Civilization

  1. Reflections on Death
  2. Fear of Death
  3. Why is Death Frightening?
  4. Death of Myself as an Event
  5. Death of Myself as an Idea
  6. The Central Axis Tube

Chapter 8 
A Painless Civilization as a Self-healing System

  1. Capitalism and Painless Civilizations
  2. Reconsidering Desire
  3. A Study of Flowering
  4. The Idea of Predation and the Wisdom of Returning to the Universe
  5. The Central Axis Circuit Web
  6. Pain Reduction Devices
  7. Dismantling Pain Reduction Devices
  8. A Self-healing System
  9. The Fight against the Self-healing System and its Destiny
  10. Penetrator

Book Reviews

Tetsuya Miyazaki - "This is a strange book. This massive book is written in a strange style, which slips through the space between sanity and madness...." (Asahi Shimbun Newspaper Nov.16, 2003)

Toru Koga, Kyushu University - "This book draws the readers into a trance by the repetition of the same motif.... Its description burns out readers' minds, and transforms them into other new forms...." (Tosho Shimbun Newspaper Dec.27, 2003)

Yutaka Takahashi - "We have concentrated on acquiring a civilization without pain and suffering, or a "painless civilization," but what we have actually got might be a "nightmare" -- this is the question Morioka poses...." (Mainichi Simbun Newspaper Jan.12, 2004)

Book reviews also appeared in the Nikkei (Nov.9), Tokyo (Nov.9), Sankei (Nov.24), Kyodo Tsushin (Nov.9), and other publications.


Haruka Miki - "Morioka’s painless civilization and the moral implications of such a civilization," in Risk Management and Humans - From Social Perspectives-, Hitotsubashi University, Tokyo, Japan, Faculty of Social Sciences, BA thesis. (2005) >> Read more

Michael Goff - "Toward the end of the piece, Morioka makes a distinction between avoidance of pain, a natural impulse for individuals and societies, versus an excessive or overriding focus on pain avoidance. The latter is unhealthy, because both a person and a society need to suffer and take genuine risks to make progress, and a monomaniacal focus on pain avoidance is a recipe for stagnation. I would be curious to know how to draw the line and determine what is excessive. Overall, it is a good read, and Painless Civilization fits well with other works identifying stagnation or decadence as a root of contemporary malaise." (2021) Comment on Painless Civilization 1 >>

Publication Data

Transview Publications, Tokyo, Oct.5,2003, 460pages, 3800yen, written in Japanese

Japanese website for this book

Translation into Other languages

A Korean translation was published February 25, 2005, by Momento Publications, Korea.

>> Visit

French translation of a summary of this book